Cairo, Giza and Sakkara
Mummification of the ancient Egyptians


Historical Background about Cairo

Cairo city has acted as an infinite time capsule, a guardian, and a center for culture, art, and beauty for thousands of years. It is quite famous for being the capital of Egypt, and the largest metropolitan area in Africa, The Middle East, the Arab world, and the 15th largest city in the world. Cairo occupies an area of about 528 square kilometers in northern Egypt, 120 km (75 mi) west of the Gulf of Suez & Suez Canal, 165 km (100 mi) south of the Mediterranean Sea, and lies on both banks of the Nile River near the Nile delta.


Memphis  (Men-Nefer) was the capital city of the first unified Egyptian state from the days of the first pharaoh, Narmer. Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau. the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the great pyramid of Giza, and several other large pyramids and temples.  Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt’s history due to its location close to Memphis, the ancient pharaonic capital of the old kingdom.



Located some 30 km (19 mi) south of modern-day Cairo,  Saqqara covers an area of around 7 by 1.5 km (4.35 by 0.93 mi). At Saqqara, the oldest complete stone building complex known in history was built, the Pyramid of Djoser, built during the Third dynasty. Another sixteen Egyptian kings built pyramids at Saqqara, which are now in various states of preservation. High officials added private funeral monuments to this necropolis during the entire Pharaonic period. The step pyramid is the highlight of Saqqara monuments. it’s the oldest truly monumental stone building in history and Egypt’s old pyramid. it was commissioned by Djoser (2648_2667 B.C). the second king of the third dynasty. the genius architect was Imhotep. he designed a layout in which the step pyramid was at the center of a large funerary complex.


The history of Cairo

the true history of the city started in 641 BC when Amro  Ibn Al-as conquered Egypt and constructed the new Islamic capital of Egypt Al-Fustat north from the ancient fortress of Babylon.  From this point on, a series of spectacular immortal constructions took place in the city like the mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulane in 878 BC. In 970, during the rule of the Fatimid dynasty, a general by the name of Jawhar established a new city called Al Qahirah (Cairo) which became the official capital of Egypt along with the Khan El_Khalili  after the destruction of the city of Fustat by flames in 1168 during a battle against the crusaders. During the 11th century, Egypt became under the rule of Salah El-din who transformed the city into an imperial metropolis and constructed the powerful Cairo citadel. In the modern era at the beginning of the 19th century, a man named Muhammed Ali sought to regain Egypt’s beauty to its former glory, so He constructed the Mohamed Ali Mosque, one of Cairo’s most enchanting moments.


Best Things to Do In Cairo

The heavenly city of Cairo is one of the few cities that stood the test of time and was able to protect and expand the heritage and legacy of the ancient city of Cairo. There are countless ways of truly exploring the city’s magic through a series of activities like a nightly dinner cruise, exploring all the Pharaonic, Coptic, and Islamic monuments, shop at Khan El Khalili Bazaar visit all the museums and cultural centers. You can read more about the things you can do Cairo is filled with amazing tourist attractions, so if you are interested in witness greatness, you can check our Cairo day tours, and if you are not in Egypt and prefer to visit the Land of Pharaohs, you can check our Egy Luxor tours packages and choose your favorite trip.

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