Colossi of Memnon
Mummification of the ancient Egyptians

The mortuary temple of Amenhotep 3 "Colossi of Memnon" - Egy Luxor Tours

Colossi of Memnon.


Colossi of Memnon or The Mortuary temple of Amenhotep was the largest temple to be built on the west bank, covering an area of 35 hectares and one of the latest structures in Egypt. At the time of construction in the modern kingdom, it would have superseded The Temple of Amun at Karnak in size. The modern name for Amenhotep’s temple¬†is Kom el Hetan It is located about half a kilometer to the South-east of Medinat Habu.

Amenhotep’s mortuary temple must have decayed rapidly, possibly due to the water content of the land it was built on. Until recently all that remained to identify the site were two huge colossal statues of the pharaoh which stood at its entrance gateway, known since antiquity as the colossi of Memnon.


Colossi of Memnon during the Nile inundation.

Colossi of Memnon


By early Dynasty XIX, Merenptah was able to re-use many blocks from the site of Amenhotep’s temple in the construction of his funerary monument nearby.

Amenhotep’s chief architect was Amenhotep son of Habu, Who must have gained such importance in the royal court that he was granted his mortuary temple and was deified in the Late Ptolemaic times.

The design of the temple seems to have been unique in that parts of the structure lay in the Nile flood plain so that the waters of the inundation would have flooded areas of the eastern course.


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