Luxor is a city of many names, the ancient Egyptians called it W3st meaning the city of the scepter, when the Greeks came they called it THEBES it the modern city of Luxor from the Arabic word( AL_Oqsur ) This enchanting city is located right along the great Nile River about 500 kilometers south of the modern Egyptian capital Cairo. Luxor is the best place to learn about ancient Egypt, walking along the reigns is like stepping back 3,000 years in time. The golden age of Thebes was during the modern Egyptian kingdom about (1560 _ 1070B.C ), It served as the capital of the Egyptian dominion and boasted a population of over a million people, The military successes of the pharaohs at this time made the Egyptian kingdom very wealthy, their influence expanded south into Nubia, west along the Mediterranean and to the east into modern-day Syria .wealth, size and population of this great kingdom allowed pharaohs to commission massive building projects and leave a legacy. the most important thing for an ancient Egyptian was to be immortalized for eternity, so they created vast monuments to themselves and worshipped many gods and goddesses, the local god of Thebes was called Amon, Amon rose in importance as well and became linked to the sun god R3 and became the king of gods Amon_R3. Amon_r3 was one of the most important gods in Egyptian mythology, even after Thebes began to decline it remained the religious capital until the Greeks period.
The most famous temple to Amon_R3 that temple at Karnak even by far it was the most important temple in ancient Egypt until the ancient religion has fallen away.
Modern Day Luxor
Luxor has been given the nickname ( the world’s greatest open-air museum ) this is really thanks to the ancient Egyptians efforts to immortalize themselves, Both sides of the Nile river are covered in remains of temples and funerary complexes The modern city was built up right along with theses ruins, it creates an interesting mix of old and new that can only be found here in Luxor it is easiest to divide the sites around Luxor to two categories, this division would have suited the ancient Egyptians as well since to them, the east bank was the land of the living where the sun rose and people thrived, and the west bank was the land of the dead where the sunset and people journeyed to the afterlife.