Faioum, Egypt wonderful nature

Faioum Oasis and Lake Qaroun

Faioum, also known as Al Faioum or Faioum Oasis, is a significant cultural landscape. It is not a traditional oasis as it relies on Nile water rather than underground springs.

The oasis is characterized by the ancient Bahr Yussef canal that runs through the city, providing irrigation to the surrounding agricultural land. One of the notable features of Faioum is Lake Moeris, now known as Lake Qarun, situated in the northwest part of the oasis. The lake has historical significance dating back to ancient times and is a vital ecosystem for marine and terrestrial wildlife.

  • Official Classifications and Categories
  1. National and International Classification Lists: Faioum Oasis is included in the Tentative List of UNESCO under the category of Cultural landscapes. Lake Qarun is designated as a Protected Area, recognized for its importance as a wetland habitat for wildlife.
  2. Cultural Landscape Category/Typology: The landscape falls under organically evolved landscapes and relict (or fossil) landscape categories.
  3. Description and Justification by Med-O-Med: The description highlights the unique characteristics of Fayoum, emphasizing its dependence on Nile water, historical significance, and natural features such as Lake Moeris (Lake Qarun). The area is rich in both natural and cultural heritage components.

Faiyoum is a Large desert depression, one hundred kilometers (sixty miles) southwest of Cairo, an important site of agriculture since predynastic times.

Faioum, Egypt.

  • Introduction: Faioum, known as “Little” is a captivating destination located just a short distance from Cairo. This lush oasis boasts a rich heritage of flora, fauna, and archaeology, making it one of the most beautiful and fertile regions. With its unique geography and historical significance, Fayoum offers visitors a diverse range of experiences that showcase the natural beauty and cultural richness of the area
  • Conclusion A day tour in Faioum offers a blend of natural wonders, archaeological marvels, and cultural experiences that glimpse Oasis’s diverse heritage. From exploring ancient sites to savoring local delicacies, each moment spent in this enchanting oasis promises unforgettable memories.

Planning Your Faioum Day Tour

  • Accommodation: Choose from eco-lodges, villas, or boutique hotels based on your preferences and budget.
  • Transportation: Consider guided tours or self-drive options to explore the diverse attractions in Fayoum efficiently.
  • Ideal Time to Visit: Plan your trip between October and April to enjoy milder temperatures and vibrant landscapes.

Immersive Experiences

  • Local Handicrafts: Engage with artisans in villages renowned for their traditional pottery and handcrafted items.
  • Culinary Delights: Sample local cuisine featuring fresh produce from Fayoum’s fertile lands and enjoy dishes like chicken prepared in traditional styles.
  • Cultural Encounters: Interact with locals to learn about rural traditions and lifestyles deeply rooted in agriculture and craftsmanship.

Exploring the Geography

  • Location: Situated in the Western Desert about 70 km southwest of Cairo, Fayoum is surrounded by desert landscapes, with its lowest point at Lake Qarun.
  • Size: Covering 6068 km2, with Lake Qarun occupying 200 km of this area.
  • Population: Home to approximately 4 million inhabitants, with Fayoum City being the main populated area.
  • Climate: Enjoy a mild climate from October to April, with temperatures rising above 40°C in summer.
  • Economy: Known for its productive agricultural sector, including orchards, cereals, sugar beet, and cotton. Fishing is also popular along the shores of Lake Qarun.


  1. Wadi Al-Hitan: Explore the “Valley of the Whales,” a UNESCO World Heritage Site featuring well-preserved fossilized remains of an extinct whale sub-species.
  2. Wadi Al Rayan: Visit this nature reserve encompassing lakes, waterfalls, springs, and diverse wildlife such as Egyptian deer and sand foxes.
  3. Other Sites: Discover attractions like Magic Lake, Meidum Pyramid, Lisht Pyramid, Lake Qaroun, Karanis Kom Aushim, and the Petrified Forest.

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