Goddess Hathor

Hathour - Egyluxortours

Goddess Hathor

Goddess Hathor, is an exceptionally important goddess, a heavenly deity, and much worshipped at Thebes; sky goddess; mother of Horus, wife of Ra; wife or mother of the king; goddess of music, happiness, women, fertility, love, and motherhood. Hathor was portrayed as a human female, or as a cow with a solar disk between her horns. whose “eye” or daughter she was said to be. In her cult center at Dandarahin Upper Egypt, she was worshipped with Horus

Hathor was a major goddess in ancient Egyptian religion who held various roles. She was associated with the sky, being the mother or consort of Horus and Ra, symbolizing kingship. Hathor also represented the Eye of Ra, embodying protection and vengeance against enemies. Her benevolent aspects included music, dance, joy, love, and maternal care. She was depicted as a cow or a woman with cow horns and sun disk headdress, among other forms like a lioness or a tree. Hathor was crucial in guiding souls to the afterlife and was widely venerated in ancient Egypt.

 Origins of Goddess Hathor

Goddess Hathor - Egyluxortours

The imagery of cattle goddesses like Hathor dates back to Predynastic Egypt, with symbols of cows representing motherhood and nourishment. Cows were revered for their nurturing qualities across various cultures. Early depictions of bovine deities with horns linked to the sky paved the way for figures like Hathor in later periods. While not explicitly mentioned until the Old Kingdom, artifacts hint at her presence from earlier times. The outward-curving horns associated with Hathor distinguish her from earlier bovine representations.

Significance and Worship of Goddess Hathor

During the Old Kingdom, Hathor gained prominence with royal patronage, becoming one of Egypt’s most important deities. Numerous temples were dedicated to her, notably the temple at Dendera. She was worshipped alongside her male counterparts and connected with foreign lands like Nubia and Canaan. Hathor’s influence persisted through the New Kingdom despite competition from other goddesses like Mut and Isis. Her veneration continued until the decline of the ancient Egyptian religion.

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