Mummification of the ancient Egyptians
Mummification of the ancient Egyptians

Mummification of the ancient Egyptians is the soul’s gateway to life after death.

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We were able to discover the method of mummification, and its techniques are as follows

Removing the brain from the skull by suction through the nose, using the chisel and hammer to cut through the nasal wall, and then pulling the brain through the nostril with a heated hook and hook, and extracting the whole body except for the heart ((the center of the soul and emotion)), and thus there is nothing left in the body delicate materials that rot with bacteria either by opening or injecting pine oil into the guts through the anus.

It was important in their religion to preserve the dead body in as life-like a manner as possible.

The History of Mummification

So prosperous were they that today we can view the mummified body of an Egyptian and have a good idea of what he or she looked like in life, 3,000 years ago.

Mummification was practiced throughout most of early Egyptian history, The earliest mummies from prehistoric times probably were accidental. By chance, dry sand and air (since Egypt has almost no measurable rainfall) maintained some bodies buried in shallow pits dug into the sand.

Mummification of the ancient Egyptians

About 2600 BCE, during the Fourth and Fifth Dynasties, Egyptians probably began to mummify the dead intentionally. The practice continued and developed for well over 2,000 years, into the Roman Period (ca. 30 BCE–CE 364).

Within any one period, the quality of the mummification varied, depending on the price paid for it. The best prepared and preserved mummies are from the Eighteenth through the Twentieth Dynasties of the New Kingdom (ca. 1570–1075 BCE) and include those of Tutankhamun and other well-known pharaohs.

The general process of this period shall be described here

The chest and abdominal cavity are filled with a solution of natron and linen rolls drenched with polish and perfumes, all of which are substances that cannot be a medium for pollution and putrefaction by bacteria.

Drying the body by placing it in dry natron salt to extract every atom of water present in it, extract the fat and completely dry the tissues.

Coating the corpse with a liquid resin to block all the pores of the skin and to be protecting against moisture and repelling microorganisms and insects in various circumstances, even if the corpse was placed in water or left in the open.

In one of the advanced stages of the modern Pharaonic state, sand was placed under the skin between the muscle layer and the skin through holes throughout the body, so that the limbs appear full and do not show any sagging in the skin.
Using beeswax to close the nose, eyes, mouth, and incisions on the abdomen.
Coloring the lips and cheeks with makeup, then wrapping the mummy with many linen laces that may reach hundreds of meters.

They are painted with resin and stained with red iron oxides (red ocher) and beeswax is added to them as an adhesive at the end of the seventy days of the mummification process.

The basis of embalming is to completely dry the corpse and prevent bacteria from reaching it.

This study also proved that the beginnings of mummification in Egypt date back to about 4000 BC, and it was complete mummification.
The first mummified body found in the red mound in Edfu dates back to about 3500 BC. It was embalmed using three materials: natron salt and resin, and the body was wrapped in linen wraps.





Read more about the Tomb of Tutankhamun.

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