Queen Hatshepsut
Hatshepsut - temple - Egyluxortours

Queen Hatshepsut

Queen - Hatshepsut - Egyluxortours

Queen Hatshepsut was the daughter of King Thutmose 1 and was the wife of king Tuthmose 2nd, and King Thutmose 2d had another child from his secondary wife was calling Tiy. The young child was calling (Mn_Khebr_R3) Thutmose 3 after king Thutmose 2 died,  Hatshepsut became the coregent upon the young child Thothmose 3 (Mn-kheper-ra). Then the child was relegated from the royal palace by Hatshepsut, and the way to the throne is free for Hatshepsut with the help of her mother princess (AHMOSE), and her lover engineer (SN_N_MWT). Hatshepsut wore the royal shirts, the NEMES headdress, and the ceremonial beard and became a ruler of the ancient Egyptian empire during the 18th modern dynastic period for about 27 years.

Hatshepsut Temple.

Queen - Hatshepsut - Egyluxortours

The temple of Hatshepsut is framed by cliffs and poised in elegant relief, the temple of Queen Hatshepsut is justly deserving of its name “The most splendid of all“. It was the inspiration of the beautiful woman (M3T_k3_R3).

The lower and the central courts.

We ascend the temple of queen Hatshepsut through the lower court where 2 colonnades have been restored, twenty-two columns on each side divided into double rows. To the south is the colonnade of obelisks transportation shows the 2 obelisks of Queen Hatshepsut that have been erected in Karnak temple. This court also incorporates a colonnade on each side, the southern one called the colonnade of the Punt expedition, and to the north is the colonnade of Hatshepsut’s birth.

Punt Colonnade commemorates a trip ordered by Queen Hatshepsut to the Land of Punt (East of Africa) Now Somalia Area to bring back myrrh and incense trees to be planted on the terraces of the temple. On the southern wall, we can see the village in Punt where the houses are constructed over water with ladders leading up to the entrances. We can see the Egyptian representative greeted in welcome and had some merchandise for barter, and we can see the mayor of Punt and his wife standing behind she was sick of swollen legs of elephantiasis, and she has been traveled by a donkey, even though we can see the inhabitants and the grazing cattle.

On the rear back wall, we can see the Egyptian fleet set sail and arrives in Punt, and we can see the transportation of the myrrh and incense trees inside small tubes to be planted in the terraces of the temple.
Another inscription shows Hatshepsut the female Pharaoh giving fruits, incense, electrum, bows, and cedarwood, as a gift for her father god Amen R3. All mural speaks of success and pleasure.

The sanctum of Hathor.

To the left of the Punt, colonnade stands the shrine of Hathor, on the front wall we can see king Thutmose 2nd and his hand licked by Hathor cow.

The shrine has two roofed_ in with Hathoric capital crowns, leading to the shrine of Hathor itself, and on the southern wall, we can see queen Hatshepsut suckling from the udder of the Hathor cow with Amon standing before them.

The Birth colonnade.

The birth colonnade on the north of the central court has some inscriptions that show the birth of queen Hatshepsut by princess Ahmose, we can see princess Ahmose pregnant and giving birth to Queen Hatshepsut.
This story was created by Hatshepsut to be rightful to ascend the throne of Egypt for 24 years.
The inscriptions show that princess Ahmose was leaden by gods and goddesses to the birth room.

Anubis shrine.

On the right of the birth colonnade, a small shrine of the jackal God Anubis is located, it comprises three chambers with 12 sixteen-sided columns and leads to the chapel of Anubis god of the royal cemetery for the ancient Egyptians.

On the right wall, we can see queen Hatshepsut giving wine to the falcon-headed god of the dead Soker, and On the rear wall, the offerings have been given to Amen on the left and Anubis on the right.

The upper part.

The upper part of the temple suffered most severely at the hands of the Christian monks it has been closed to visitors for more than a year for reconstruction by the Polish expedition.

The upper part is a vestibule, and in the north, there is the largest altar that has been discovered before, It was made of alabaster it includes a ladder leading up to the center while the high priest gives sacrifices to the God Amen r3.

On the northern wall is a small room was the shrine of Anubis god of the cemetery it has a small vestibule with some beautiful highly decorated inscriptions showing king Tuthmose 1 and his mother Princess Senseneb, this entrance leads to another highly decorated room having some inscriptions for king Thutmose 1st and Queen Hatshepsut has been deleted by Thutmose 3.

The sanctuary of Queen Hatshepsut’s temple.

The sanctuary of the temple comprises 3 chambers, 2 of them with vaulted ceilings and adjoining recesses.
In the first chamber inscription for Queen Hatshepsut, her husband King Thutmose 2nd, and their little daughter (R3 Nefru) giving sacrifices to the barge of Amen.

Behind this inscription, there is another one that shows king Thutmose 1, his wife princess Ahmose and their little daughter Queen Hatshepsut.

 

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